Art. 28 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights
clearly states that “everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.”

The Associazione Comunità Papa Giovanni XXIII believes that the recognition of the right to International Solidarity that derives directly from article 28 of the UDHR, will greatly contribute to building up a better society based on fraternity, reciprocity, social justice, equity and sustainable development that are crucial for living in peace and harmony as a human family.

In 2005, the predecessor of the Human Rights Council – the United Nations Commission on Human Rights (see resolution 2005/55) established the mandate of the Independent Expert on human rights and international solidarity with the task to produce a draft declaration of the right to international Solidarity. The former Independent Expert, Mr Ritzsky defined the principle of international solidarity as “ the union of interests or purposes among countries, and social cohesion between them, based upon the dependence of States and other international actors on each other, in order to preserve the order and very survival of international society, and in order to achieve collective goals, which require international cooperation and joint action”. 
The actual Independent Expert, Ms Virginia Dandan defines the right to international solidarity as “a fundamental human right by which peoples and individuals have the freedom to enjoy, on the basis of equality and non-discrimination, the benefits of a harmonious international society with a just and fair international political and economic order, in which all human rights and fundamental freedoms may be fully realized.”

The recognition of international solidarity as a human right will be a way to give justice to the poorest people and countries in the world. 

In the actual debate on International Solidarity, thanks to APG23 a new concept has been introduced worldwide: Preventive Solidarity (or Solidarity Ante-Factum). In fact, as Fr. Oreste Benzi was used to say: there are two types of solidarity: the post-factum and ante-factum solidarity.

  • The Solidarity Post-Factum aims to reduce the damage when disasters occur as in the case of natural phenomena and emergencies. This solidarity is good and should be carried out whenever and wherever is needed but does not tackle the root causes of vulnerability.
  • The Solidarity Ante-Factum, aims at tackling the root causes of poverty, revealing the truth in the vision that prevention is better than cure. Such solidarity implies that States respect fully the international obligations pledged at the United Nations, implement the ratified conventions and treaties, are committed to disarmament, clean energy policies, strengthening health systems, achieving the Sustainable Development Goals, etc. 

The recognition of the right to international solidarity will be a step ahead in implementing preventive solidarity.

United Nations Links











28 June 2017
On Thursday, June 8th 2017, the international office of APG23, in collaboration with the Catholic Working Group on the Right to International Solidarity, has organized a side event during the 35th regular ...
13 July 2016
"Most humanitarian corridors less barges and less human trafficking" these are the words of the President of the Senate Pietro Grasso, on a visit to Lampedusa on July 9 last year and interviewed on th...
13 June 2016
This is the title of the parallel event organized by the APG23's international office in June 16, 2016 from 10 to 11 in the IV room of the UN building in Geneva. Next week it will start in Geneva the 32n...
13 June 2014
The mandate of the Independent Expert on human rights and international solidarity was established in 2005 (Commission on Human Rights resolution 2005/55). The Independent Expert is tasked to study the issue of...
21 March 2014
Parallel event at the 25th Regular Session of the Human Rights Council - Geneva - 21st of March, 2014 Source: New Humanity web site On 21st March, Room XXIV of the Palais des Nations hosted the semin...
14 September 2012
Meeting between the independent expert and the civil society - Side event at the 21th Regular Session of the Human Rights Council - 14th of September, 2012 The side event was organized by: As...
14 September 2012
A Parallel Event entitled “International Solidarity:Nonviolent Peace Operators in zones of conflict” was held on the 14th of September in conjunction with the 21st Regular Session o...

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